Kuwait Foundation for Advancement of Science
Kuwait Foundation for Advancement of Science
I would like to thank our sponsors for their generous and continuous support.
Kuwait University Research Sector
Our research assistants and lab technicians are selected among the best in Kuwait and the region.
In the foreseeable future, electricity (along with crude oil and natural gas) is and will continue to be a major source of energy supply to industrial, commercial, and residential sectors. However, due to the fast rising energy prices, climate changes, and technology advances, there is a worldwide trend of reshaping the energy industry. A critical step of the reshaping is to utilize renewable energy sources such as solar and wind to achieve sustainable, economic, and environmentally friendly electricity production. Following this trend, Kuwait is stepping up its efforts to develop new technologies for renewable energy integration despite its possession of substantial oil reserve . It is anticipated that the peak demand for electricity will exceed 30,000 MW by 2030 with recent increasing trend; this corresponds to burning about 30% of total fuel production in 2030 . In its efforts to cut the peak demand, Kuwait government has set the target to generate 15% of its electricity demand from renewable energy including solar by 2030 . For instance, the renewable energy project at Al-Shagaya Energy Park is expected to add 70 MW, 930 MW and 1000 MW of electric power generation capacity based on solar and wind in the three phases of the project, to be completed in 2030 .
Unlike traditional energy sources, green energy is variable in its capacity and highly depends on time, location and weather, which make it a challenging task to exploit green energy sources in the deployment and management of a green wireless network. Due to the nature of renewable green energy, existing solutions merely concerned with energy efficiency become inapplicable. Therefore, research issues in network design ought to be revisited to design not only energy efficient, environmentally safe, but also demand sustainable communications networks. Sustainable networks are networks that can sustain the delivery of network traffic while being powered by sustainable energy. The ultimate question behind this line of research is: How can significant reduction in energy consumption be achieved in green communication networks while sustaining stringent performance requirements? Researchers will have to address this question in order to fully exploit the energy saving margin created by green networks. Within this field of inquiry, we are particularly interested in providing practical solutions with strong theoretical guarantees for this research problem.
 Colthorpe, A. (2013, 09 23). Kuwait’s first solar park to be built for US$3.27 billion. Retrieved 01 01, 2014, from PVTECH: http://www.pv-tech.org/news/kuwaits_first_solar_park_to_be_built_for_us327_m
 Group, O. B. (2013, 07 3). Kuwait: New renewable energy project in the works. Retrieved 01 05, 2014, from Oxford Business Group: http://www.oxfordbusinessgroup.com/economic_updates/kuwait-new-renewable-energy-project-works
Academic Dishonesty has recently become one of the most prevalent issues in Academia. We are addressing this problem in higher education and focusing on the development of cheating deterrence methods. Our research objective is to proposes a mathematical framework for analyzing the optimal academic dishonesty penalties.
Broadband wireless access (BWA) networks are being developed to replace the last mile wireline access networks such as DSL and cable networks. The simple and small receiver structure allows BWA networks to provide service directly to subscribers, without the need for intermediate receivers (i.e., modems), which is the case for wireline networks. In addition, BWA networks are suitable for providing service in countries that lack fiber optics infrastructure, or have low population density or with rough topographies where laying cables is expensive. Because of their fast deployment in comparison to wired networks, they can be used in disaster recovery. Figure below illustrates an example of BWA networks. Standards that specify the technical aspects of BWA networks are IEEE 802.16, the high performance radio metropolitan area network (HiperMAN), the European telecommunication standard, and the 3rd generation partnership project (3GPP).
Due to the limited availability of resources at the base station, e.g., bandwidth and power, intelligent allocation of these resources to subscribers is crucial for delivering the best possible quality of service (QoS) to consumers with the least cost. This is especially important with the high data rates envisioned for the next generation wireless standards. The resource allocation problem of allocating time slots, subcarriers, rates, and power to subscribers has been the focus of my research work.
Hydrophones are piezoelectric transducer based microphones that detects sounds underwater. The piezoelectric transducer generates an electric signal when the acoustic pressure changes. A velocity-hydrophone measures one Cartesian component of the three dimensional particle-velocity vector of the incident wavefield. Velocity-hydrophone technology has existed for decades in the field of underwater acoustics and is the subject of renewed interest. A four-component vector-hydrophone has two or three orthogonally oriented velocity-hydrophones and a pressure hydrophone, all collocated in a point-like geometry. A four-element vector-hydrophone (located at the coordinates’ origin as illustrated in the figure below simultaneously estimates both the azimuth and the elevation arrival angles of the acoustic signal. Hence, it tracks the source generating it under water.
Our work focuses on the design of tracking algorithms that track the source in various settings based on Hydrophones’ measurements.